Issue Archive
Volume 32, Number 5
September/October 2006

Continuing Education
An Instrument for Observational Assessment of Nausea in Young Children
Vicki E. Clarkson Keller and Juanita F. Keck

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Keller Index of Nausea (KIN), a new instrument for observational assessment of nausea in children 1 through 5 years of age. The KIN and the University of Wisconsin Children's Hospital Pain Scale were used to assess children brought to a general pediatric outpatient clinic for a variety of health problems. There were statistically significant positive point biserial correlations between the KIN scores and three criteria: (a) a medical diagnosis consistent with the presence of nausea, (b) a chief complaint per parent consistent with the presence of nausea, and (c) the parent's statement that the child is experiencing nausea.