|Self-Care Behaviors of School-Age Children with Heart Disease
cross-sectional study was conducted to identify the level of self-care
behaviors of school-age children with heart disease. Orem’s self-care
theory was used as the conceptual framework.
purposive sampling method was used to select 82 (age 6-12 years old)
school-age children with heart disease admitted at least once (within a
year) and attending the outpatient department of three hospitals in
Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, China. The Medical Record Form,
Demographic Form, and Self-care Behaviors of School-age Children with
Heart Diseases Questionnaire (SBSCHDQ) were used to collect data.
Findings were: (1) The majority of the school-age children with heart
disease had moderate levels of self-care behaviors. (2) The school-age
children with heart disease whose heart functions are in Class I had a
high level of self-care behaviors, and the school-age children whose
heart functions are in Classes II and III had a moderate level of
self-care behaviors. Moreover, the participants whose heart functions
are in Class III had the lowest score of self-care behaviors.
The findings of this study provide useful information for nurses to
understand self-care behaviors of school-age children with heart
disease. The findings also assist nurses to perform nursing
interventions and provide proper discharge plans to this population.