|Continuing Nursing Education
Health-Related Quality of Life
In Two Itinerant Samples:
Carnival and Migrant Farm
Jill F. Kilanowski
The document Healthy People 2010 sets a national health care agenda that includes reducing health disparities
and improving quality of life. This study evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children aged
2 to 12 years being raised in two itinerant populations: traveling carnival children (n = 33) and migrant farm
worker children (n = 48), and compared their outcomes to each other and to findings in published literature.
The study sample utilized cluster sampling from outdoor amusement companies (carnivals) and agricultural
f a rms who agreed for the researcher to enter their premises and speak with their workers. The PedsQL™
Generic Core Scales, including a child self-report and parent- proxy, measured HRQOL. HRQOL of the itinerant
children did not differ from that of a more geographically stable California sample. The carnival children’s
mean scores were higher than the migrant farm worker children’s scores on 7 out of 12 subscales, but the diff
e rences were not statistically significant.