|Adolescent Self-Efficacy and Resilience
In Participants Attending
A Diabetes Camp
Rebecca P. Winsett, Sarah R. Stender, Gayle Gower, George A. Burghen
Adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) often speak of the importance
of attending a diabetes camp. In an effort to identify the effect of a diabetes camp
on participants, a descriptive comparative pilot study was undertaken.
Adolescents 10 to 16 years of age with T1DM attending a residential diabetes
camp (N = 81) were recruited to explore the concept of self-efficacy and
resilience, two possible mediators influenced by attending camp. Overall, selfefficacy
and resilience scores were moderately high. No differences were detected
in outcome measures for gender or mode of insulin therapy; however, African
Americans scored significantly higher for diabetes self-efficacy and resilience.
Subjects living with one parent had poorer glycosylated hemoglobin (HgbA1C)
but scored better in resilience. No association for years of camp attendance and
study outcomes were identified. Diabetes camp is an important experience for
adolescents living with T1DM, and continued exploration of the influence of diabetes
camp is warranted.