The Epidemiology of Falls in Hospitalized Children
Ivy Razmus and Donna Davis
This study was conducted to validate the CHAMPS pediatric fall risk assessment tool for hospitalized children. At the time of this study, there was a lack of published evidence for a valid pediatric fall risk assessment tool for hospitalized children. Adult instruments were the only valid tools for fall risk assessment, and they were being used in populations where the validity had not been established. A prospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of the CHAMPS pediatric fall risk assessment tool. Analysis was conducted to further establish validity. The CHAMPS instrument had a sensitivity of 0.75 and a specificity of 0.79, with a relative risk of 3.5, excess risk of 200%, and an odds ratio of 10.8. This instrument can be categorized as moderate to strong in prediction of pediatric falls, while specificity was found to be slightly stronger than sensitivity.