Evidence-Based Recommendations for Reducing Pediatric Distress During Vaccination
Kristen E. Stevens and Donna J. Marvicsin
Vaccinations are often associated with anxiety, avoidance, and considerable distress
for children and parents. These issues can also impair coping during future
health care visits. Parents, children, and clinicians can benefit from strategies
designed to enhance coping. However, an important barrier to implementation of
coping strategy interventions is lack of knowledge among both parents and staff.
We produced two sets of tailored handouts designed to enhance education for
primary care staff and parents using 41 clinical guidelines, reviews, and randomized
controlled trials. Articles were selected from vaccine-specific literature by
relevance and practicality for primary care. Handouts provide suggestions for
parent and staff interventions before, during, and after vaccinations, focusing on
techniques that are effective, cost-efficient, and adaptable. For children of all
ages, tailored adult vocabulary and tone can also support coping.